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Eligibility Criteria

 

Eligibility for Civil Services - Civil Service India - UPSC/IAS Exam Eligibility

Q1:  Who is eligible to appear for Civil Services Exam?

Q2:  What are the eligibility criteria for Civil Services Exam?

Q3:  Who can’t apply for the examination?  What are the restrictions on applying for the examination?

Q4:  What are the physical standards required for the examination? Is there any physical standard fixed for the examination?

Q5:  Can a candidate who has completed his education from an Open School/ University apply for the examination?

Q6:  Is a candidate who has done his graduation without passing class Xth and class XIIth eligible for the Examination?

Q7:  Who can claim relaxation under OBC category?

Q8:  Whether a candidate belonging to a community included in the OBC list of States but not in the Central list of OBCs is eligible for age relaxation, reservation etc. for the Examination?

Q9:  Who can claim relaxation under the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes category?

Q10: What are the relaxations for ex-servicemen?

Q11: How the attempts are counted?

 

Q1: Who is eligible to appear for Civil Services Exam?

For eligibility criteria of Civil Services Examination, four points are taken into consideration, namely; (i) Nationality, (ii) Age, (iii) Educational Qualification and (iv) Number of attempts made by the candidate for the exam. Detail of each point is given in brief as under;

(i)         Nationality: Indian citizen

(ii)        Age:

Category

Age Relaxation

 

General

21 to 32 years. Age is calculated as on 1st August of the year of the examination. (For 2018 Exam, candidates born not earlier than 2 Aug, 1986 and not later than 1 Aug 1997 are eligible).

OBC

(Non-creamy Layer)

3 years relaxation (21 to 35 years)

SC/ST

5 years relaxation (21 to 37years).

Ex-serviceman

5 years relaxation

Blind, Hearing Impaired & Orthopaedically Handicapped

10 years relaxation

 

(iii)      Educational Qualification:

Degree of UGC recognised university. Degree of any stream or field is valid. There is no requirement of minimum marks / percentage in Degree exam. Further there is no requirement of any subject or language, it means a degree holder of any subject, any language is eligible to appear for Civil Services Exam.

(iv)      Number of attempts made by the candidate for the exam:

 Number of attempts for General Category candidates is 6; OBC is 9 and for a candidate belonging to SC/ST category is unlimited (there is no restriction on number of attempts for SC/ST category).  

 

Q2:  What are the eligibility criteria for Civil Services Exam?

(i) Nationality

1.   For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate must be a citizen of India.

2.   For other services, a candidate must be either:-

a)   a citizen of India, or

b)   a subject of Nepal, or

c)   a subject of Bhutan, or

d)   a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before Ist January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or

e)   a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

Provided further that candidates belonging to (b), (c) and (d) above will not be eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service.

A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Government of India.

 

(ii) Age Limits:

(a) A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years on the 1st of August, 2018 i.e., he must have been born not earlier than 2nd August, 1987 and not later than 1st August, 1997. Necessary action to make corresponding changes in respective Rules/Regulations pertaining to various services is being taken separately.

(b) The upper age-limit prescribed above will be relaxable:

(i) up to a maximum of five years if a candidate belongs to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe;

(ii) up to a maximum of three years in the case of candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates;

(iii) up to a maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu and Kashmir during the period from the 1st January, 1980 to the 31st day of December, 1989;

(iv) up to a maximum of three years in the case of Defence Services Personnel, disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof;

(v) up to a maximum of five years in the case of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1st August, 2018 and have been released;

(a) on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one year from 1st August, 2017 otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency; or

(b) On account of physical disability attributable to Military Service; or

(c) On invalidment.

 

(vi) up to a maximum of five years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Service as on 1st August, 2017 and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be released on three months’ notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment.

(vii) up to a maximum of 10 years in the case of blind, Hearing Impaired and Orthopedically handicapped persons.

Note I:—Candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes who are also covered under any other clauses of Rule 6(b) above, viz. those coming under the category of Ex-servicemen, persons domiciled in the State of J & K, blind, Hearing Impaired and orthopaedically handicapped etc. will be eligible for grant of cumulative age-relaxation under both the categories.

Note II:—the term Ex-servicemen will apply to the persons who are defined as Ex-servicemen in the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979, as amended from time to time.

Note III:—The age concession under Rule 6(b)(v) and (vi) will not be admissible to Ex-servicemen and Commissioned Officers including ECOs/SSCOs, who are released on own request.

Note IV:Notwithstanding the provision of age relaxation under Rule 6(b) (vii) above, a physically disabled candidate will be considered to be eligible for appointment only if he/she (after such physical examination as the Government or appointing authority, as the case may be, may prescribe) is found to satisfy the requirements of physical and medical standards for the concerned Services/Posts to be allocated to the physically disabled candidates by the Government. Save as provided above, the age-limits prescribed can in no case be relaxed. The date of birth, accepted by the Commission is that entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognised by an Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register of Matriculates maintained by a University which extract must be certified by the proper authority of the University or in the Higher Secondary or an equivalent examination certificate. These certificates are required to be submitted only at the time of applying for the Civil Services (Main) Examination. No other document relating to age like horoscopes, affidavits, birth extracts from Municipal Corporation, Service records and the like will be accepted. The expression Matriculation/Higher Secondary Examination Certificate in this part of the Instruction includes the alternative certificates mentioned above.

 

Note 1:—Candidate should note that only the date of birth as recorded in the Matriculation/Secondary Examination certificate or an equivalent certificate on the date of submission of application will be accepted by the Commission, and no subsequent request for its change will be considered or granted.

Note 2:Candidates should also note that once a date of birth has been claimed by them and entered in the records of the Commission for the purpose of admission to an Examination, no change will be allowed subsequently or at any other Examination of the Commission on any grounds whatsoever.

Note 3:- The candidate should exercise due care while entering their date of birth in the online Application Form for the Preliminary Examination. If on verification at any subsequent stage,

any variation is found in their date of birth from the one entered in their matriculation or equivalent Examination certificate, disciplinary action will be taken against them by the Commission under the Rules.

 

(iii) Minimum Educational Qualifications:

The candidate must hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification.

Note I: Candidates who have appeared at an examination the passing of which would render them educationally qualified for the Commission’s examination but have not been informed of the results as also the candidates who intend to appear at such a qualifying examination will also be eligible for admission to the Preliminary Examination. All candidates who are declared qualified by the Commission for taking the Civil Services (Main) Examination will be required to produce proof of passing the requisite examination with their application for the Main Examination failing which such candidates will not be admitted to the Main Examination. The applications for the Main Examination will be called sometime in the month of September/October, 2017.

Note II: In exceptional cases the Union Public Service Commission may treat a candidate who has not any of the foregoing qualifications as a qualified candidate provided that he/she has passed examination conducted by the other Institutions, the standard of which in the opinion of the Commission justifies his/her admission to the examination.

Note III: Candidates possessing professional and technical qualifications which are recognised by the Government as equivalent to professional and technical degree would also be eligible for admission to the examination.

Note IV: Candidates who have passed the final professional M.B.B.S. or any other Medical Examination but have not completed their internship by the time of submission of their applications for the Civil Services (Main) Examination, will be provisionally admitted to the Examination provided they submit along with their application a copy of certificate from the concerned authority of the University/Institution that they had passed the requisite final professional medical examination. In such cases, the candidates will be required to produce at the time of their interview original Degree or a certificate from the concerned competent authority of the University/Institution that they had completed all requirements (including completion of internship) for the award of the Degree.

(iv) Number of attempts:

Every candidate appearing at the examination who is otherwise eligible, shall be permitted six attempts at the examination. Provided that this restriction on the number of attempts will not apply in the case of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes candidates who are otherwise eligible. Provided further that the number of attempts permissible to candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes, who are otherwise eligible, shall be nine. The relaxation will be available to the candidates who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates. Provided further that a physically handicapped will get as many attempts as are available to other non-physically handicapped candidates of his or her community, subject to the condition that a physically handicapped candidate belonging to the General Category shall be eligible for nine attempts. Necessary action to make Corresponding Changes in respective Rules/Regulations Pertaining to various services is being taken separately. The relaxation will be available to the physically handicapped candidates who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.

Note: (i) An attempt at a Preliminary Examination shall be deemed to be an attempt at the Civil Services Examination.

(ii) If a candidate actually appears in any one paper in the Preliminary Examination, he/she shall be deemed to have made an attempt at the Examination.

(iii) Notwithstanding the disqualification/ cancellation of candidature, the fact of appearance of the candidate at the examination will count as an attempt.

 

Q3:  Who can’t apply for the examination?  What are the restrictions on applying for the examination?

A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Foreign Service on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination. In case such a candidate is appointed to the IAS/IFS after the Preliminary Examination of Civil Services Examination, 2018 is over and he/she continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall not be eligible to appear in the Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2018 notwithstanding his/her having qualified in the Preliminary Examination, 2018.

Also provided that if such a candidate is appointed to IAS/IFS after the commencement of the Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2018 but before the result thereof and continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall not be considered for appointment to any service/post on the basis of the result of this examination viz. Civil Services Examination, 2018.

 

Q4:  What are the physical standards required for the examination? Is there any physical standard fixed for the examination?

Civil Services Examination is conducted in terms of the provisions of Civil Services Examination (CSE) Rules notified by Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), Government of India. Rule 21 of these rules provide that a candidate must be in good mental and bodily health and free from any physical defect likely to interfere with the discharge of his duties as an officer of the service.

Candidate will be intimated to present themselves before the Central Standing Medical Board (CSMB) constituted for the purpose of conducting medical examination for determination of his/her mental and physical status and on the basis of this determination a candidate will be recommended as fit/unfit for all services or temporarily unfit or unfit for technical services. The following instructions are to be kept in mind by the candidate while approaching the CSMB

Before approaching the CSMB for medical examination, candidates are expected to prepare themselves well in advance to avoid any adverse consequences as per instructions detailed below:

  • Candidate should come fasting for 10 hours or more on the day of Medical Examination.
  • Candidate should come without taking any medicine on the day of Medical Examination.
  • Candidate should bring along the spectacles, if any, being used by him/her along with the prescription for the same.
  • Candidate using Contact Lenses should stop using them at least 48 hours before the medical examination.
  • Candidate should bring along Hearing Aid, if any, being used by him/her and its latest audiometry report.
  • Candidate belonging to Physical Handicapped (PH) category is advised to bring along the appliances being used by him/her for his/her disability.
  • Candidate should bring along prescription for any kind of medicine being taken by him/her on regular basis.
  • Candidate should bring along records of any surgical procedure he/she has undergone in the past.
  • Candidate should bring along the 'Disability Certificate', if any, issued to him/her by any Disability Medical Board in the past.
  • Any other relevant record a candidate may like to bring.

 

Q5: Can a candidate who has completed his education from an Open School/ University apply for the examination?

Yes, provided it is a recognized University and he/she possess the educational qualifications prescribed for the exam and is otherwise eligible.

 

Q6: Is a candidate who has done his graduation without passing class Xth and class XIIth eligible for the Examination?

Yes, provided the graduation has been completed from a recognized University and he/she possess the educational qualifications prescribed for the exam and is otherwise eligible.

 

Q7: Who can claim relaxation under OBC category?

The Candidates belonging to non-creamy layer in the OBC can claim relaxation under the OBC category. To determine creamy layer status of any candidate as given in Category-VI of the Schedule to the OM, income from the salaries and income from the agricultural land shall not be taken into account. It means that if income from salaries of the parents of any candidate is more than Rs.4.5 lakh per annum, income from agricultural land is more than Rs.4.5 lakh per annum, but income from other sources (business) is less than Rs.4.5 lakh per annum, the candidate shall not be treated to be falling in creamy layer on the basis of Income/Wealth Test. 

 

Q8: Whether a candidate belonging to a community included in the OBC list of States but not in the Central list of OBCs is eligible for age relaxation, reservation etc. for the Examination?

No. Only candidates belonging to communities which are included in the Central list of OBC′s are eligible for such concessions.

 

Q9: Who can claim relaxation under the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes category?

Candidates seeking reservation/ relaxation benefits available for SC/ST/ OBC/PH/Ex-servicemen must ensure that they are entitled to such reservation/ relaxation as per eligibility prescribed in the Rules/Notice. They should also be in possession of all the requisite certificates in the prescribed format in support of their claim as stipulated in the   Rules/ Notice for such benefits, and these certificates should be dated earlier than the due date (closing date) of the application for Civil Services (Prelims) Examination, 2018.

 

Q10: What are the relaxations for ex-servicemen?

A defence personnel cannot take the UPSC civil services while in service. However, a short service commissioned (SSC) officer in the army can take the exam if he has less than two years of service left and satisfies all the other eligibility conditions of the UPSC CSE. Also, ex-servicemen can also take the exam provided they satisfy all the eligibility conditions. The government also gives certain concessions to ex-servicemen in the age criterion. Read on to know more.

For Ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least 5 years military service and have been released:

There is a relaxation of up to five years from the maximum attained age in the eligibility criterion for such candidates. So, the maximum age limit is 37 years for general category.

For defence service personnel disabled during service:

There is a relaxation of up to three years from the maximum attained age in the eligibility criterion for such candidates. So, the maximum age limit is 35 years.

Points to note:-

  • The term “ex-servicemen” is as defined in the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979.
  • Ex-servicemen who have been dismissed or discharged on account of misconduct or inefficiency are not eligible to take the concessions available to ex-servicemen.
  • Ex-servicemen who have been released due to physical disability attributable to military service, or who have been released due to invalidment are also eligible for the age limit concession. Disabled servicemen have no cap on the number of permissible attempts. They can take the exam as long as they don’t cross the upper age limit.
  • Commissioned Officers (ECOs/SSCOs) who have been released on their own accord are not eligible to take the concession.
  • Ex-servicemen candidates who also fall under the SC/ST/OBC category are eligible for grant of cumulative age-relaxation under both the categories (community and ex-servicemen).

 

Q11: How the attempts are counted?

If a candidate appears for any of the papers of the Civil Services Preliminary Exam, then his/her attempt is counted. If the candidate filled up the UPSC examination application form but don’t go to take the Preliminary Exam, then attempt will NOT BE COUNTED.


 

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