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4 February 2017 Question Bank


4th FEBRUARY 2017


 (1 Question)


Answer questions in NOT MORE than 200 words each. Content of the answer is more important than its length.

Links are provided for reference. You can also use the Internet fruitfully to further enhance and strengthen your answers.



1.      Since January 2017, seven tigers have died in the Nagarahole-Bandipur reserves in Karnataka. There is an evident face-off between man and the wild as animals spill over from reserves, and farms inch closer to the forests. Elaborate.


  • The Nagarahole-Bandipur Tiger Reserves, spread over 1,500 sq. km, form an integral part of the Nilgiri biosphere which holds world’s single largest tiger population estimated over at 570 tigers (in the 2014 tiger census). Bandipur and Nagarahole hold more than 221 tigers cumulatively.

Use of snares:

  • Villages use snare to catch boars.
  • Much like zip ties used to seal shopping bags, a snare is a loop of wire —which are often, clutch cable from bikes or cars, or even telephone wires — in the form of a noose.
  • When an animal enters the noose, any slight weight on the dangling string sees it tighten; the more the animal instinctively struggles, the tighter it gets.
  • Consumption of wild boar meat has become popular, even creating a lucrative market for their trapping. Local knowledge has it that rabbit and boar paths tend to go from the estate (berry and fruit) towards the river (water). Along with the rabbit and boar, comes the chance of tigers — and the snare does not discriminate.
  • Estate workers say snares are a common feature on the long lines of barbed-wire fences that criss-cross the undulating landscape of southern Kodagu.
  • But who sets them? “There is no way to find out who has placed the traps, and we do not want to antagonise locals — whom we need for conservation — by interrogation or acting on suspicion. We just hope that the practice will die out soon,” says a forest official.
  • Praveen Bhargav, co-founder, Wildlife First, however believes the trend will continue as long as “unscientific” ways of dealing with crop loss continue. “The recent government order allowing hunting of wild pigs to reduce crop damage may be a prime driver of the spurt in snaring of late,” he says.

Search for prey:

  • Protection against poachers and habitat manipulation has seen the prey base increase.
  • With it increased the tigers, jostling for space.
  • Now, there are around 10 tigers per 100 sq. km in the reserves — the weak (injured or older tigers and younger males) are pushed to the periphery.
  • These tigers, in search of prey, attack field animals.
  • As animals spill over from reserves, and as farms and grazers inch closer to forests, there is a simmering tension between man and tiger. 
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