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7 April 2017 Question Bank


7th APRIL 2017 


(1 Question)

Answer questions in NOT MORE than 200 words each. Content of the answer is more important than its length.

Links are provided for reference. You can also use the Internet fruitfully to further enhance and strengthen your answers.


1.      Discuss India Bangladesh relations.




Bangladesh history:

  • The Pakistani military junta started a genocide launching armed attacks on the innocent Bangalees on March 25, 1971.
  • In the 1970 general elections, people of Bangladesh voted for Bangladesh Awami League and made it the majority party.
  • This is for the first time that Bangalees had got the mandate to rule Pakistan.
  • Although the population of East Bengal constituted the majority in Pakistan, the Bangalee nation was subjected to oppression and subjugation all the time, and deprived of its rights.
  • The nation was about to lose its right to speak in the mother tongue.
  • It was unthinkable to the military rulers that the Bangalee nation would ascend to state power and that was why they imposed the uneven war on Bangalees.
  • With the people's mandate, the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, father of present Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, declared the independence of Bangladesh and directed the people to carry on the war of liberation.
  • The Pakistani rulers and their local collaborators engaged in committing genocide, rape, looting, arson and attacked the innocent people of Bangladesh.

India's role in its Independence:

  • People and the Government of India stood beside the oppressed humanity.
  • They gave food and shelter to nearly 10 million refugees of Bangladesh.
  • They extended all-out cooperation in our great liberation war and played an important role in creating global opinion in favour of Bangladesh.
  • This helped us to earn victory and the country was freed from enemy occupation.
  • The Indian government had played an important role even in getting Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman released from the Pakistani prison.
  • However, the killers brutally assassinated the Father of the Nation on August 15, 1975.

India-Bangladesh Cooperation

  • We share the same culture and heritage. There are a lot of commonalities (at least with West Bengal). We share our Lalon, Rabindranath, Kazi Nazrul, Jibanananda; there is similarity in our language, we are nourished by the waters of the Padma, Brahmaputra, Teesta; and so on.
  • The Sundarbans is our common pride.
  • We signed the Ganges Water Sharing Treaty with India.
  • We have demonstrated our willpower through the implementation of the Land Boundary Agreement.
  • Rail, road, and waterway connectivity boosted.
  • Both India and Bangladesh have adopted a common stance on tackling terrorism through not only cracking down on the purveyors of terror but also keeping at arm's length, and in fact condemning, nations regarded as sponsors of terrorism in the region.
  • In recent times, cooperation between Dhaka and Delhi has been enhanced in other areas, particularly with respect to Bangladesh's measures toward setting up a power plant in the Sundarbans.
  • At the same time, Bangladesh has witnessed a rather impressive degree of Indian investment in other areas where its economic development is concerned.

A Defence Deal expected:

  • A critical aspect of the trip will certainly be a defence deal that will likely be initialled by the two Prime Ministers. This is an area that is clearly sensitive for the Bangladesh leader since questions are already being raised in Dhaka about the terms of, or even the need for, such a deal.
  • It may be recalled that the 25-year treaty of friendship and cooperation reached by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Prime Minister Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 1972, within months of Bangladesh's emergence as an independent state, continued to be the subject of criticism in anti-Awami League circles till the deal reached its natural end.

The China factor:

  • Dhaka recently procured two submarines from China.
  • OBOR

The Teesta factor

  • Teesta one of the litmus tests of the relationship. If we could get past Teesta, we can move to the larger vision of basin management for all the 54 rivers we share.
  • Ms. Hasina's adviser even suggested bringing China, as an upper riparian state, into the discussions.
  • 70% of the river still flows into India and Bangladesh. So we must consider how to optimise that between us, as even at present 60% of our flows just goes right into the sea.

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